我觉得所有的恐怖电影都一样? Think the stories are predictable 而且 if you’ve seen one you’ve seen them all?

 

再猜一次. 高级电影讲师 米克尔·科文 介绍一些恐怖电影, 以他们自己的方式, 对游戏类型的影响, 有足够的强度, 这种恐惧永远地改变了.

A man stares menacingly into the camera in a black 而且 white film still

《新黄金城集团》阿尔弗雷德·希区柯克,1960年

在他最出名的时候, 希区柯克离开了他的大, glossy Hollywood fame to make a little black 而且 white thriller which, 第一次, 这表明怪物不是外国人或外星人, 但是隔壁的男孩.

Loosely based on the true story of ghoulish murderer Ed Gein, by way of Robert Bloch’s 1959 novel, 《新黄金城集团》 说明美国也有自己的怪物. 除了, 谋杀电影中的明星, 珍妮特李, 电影看了一半, disoriented viewers as to where this remarkable thriller was headed.

A group of zombies walk towards the camera through a field in this film still

《新黄金城集团》(乔治·A·罗梅罗,1968)

A bleak 而且 nihilistic horror film which changed zombie movies forever.

在罗梅罗之前 晚上, zombies were slaves, raised from the dead 而且 controlled by a sorcerer; but 晚上 changed all that, introducing the shambling gut-munching zombie we associate with the genre today. 但 晚上 is more than just a gory spectacle: it is also a dark meditation on (而且 for) an America shell-shocked from the Vietnam War 而且 the Civil Rights movement. 世界变了,恐怖电影也需要改变.

在这部电影中,一个女孩悬浮在床上

 《新黄金城集团》(威廉·弗莱德金,1973)

而 驱魔人 is, 大部分情况下, a straight-forward horror film (albeit an exceptionally well-made one), one which did up the ante on shocking images 而且 blasphemous language, it was the over-whelming success at the box office which changed American cinema forever.

驱魔人 is really the first “blockbuster” film; a film for which people would line up for hours, 围绕街区(因此有了这个术语), 希望能去看电影. Auditoria were sold out across the United States 而且 around the world. 然后用 大白鲨两年后,暑期大片诞生了.

在这部电影中,一个男人变成了狼人

《新黄金城集团》(约翰·兰迪斯,1981)

这是我一直以来最喜欢的电影之一. 约翰·兰迪斯已经不再拍疯狂喜剧了 动物的房子 (1978)和 布鲁斯兄弟 (1980) to this grisly horror film 新黄金城集团 an American tourist backpacking in Yorkshire, 谁会被狼人攻击.

In most regards, the film is a remake/re-imagining of the 1935 Universal horror film, 伦敦狼人,但什么使 美国狼人 值得注意的是里克·贝克创造的实际效果, including the onscreen transformation of actor David Naughton into the beast. 贝克当之无愧地获得奥斯卡最佳化妆效果奖, 一个专门用来识别的新类别 美国狼人的开创性工作. 同年也看到了乔·丹特的 的咆哮 在电影屏幕上播放,由罗伯·波汀制作特效. 在一起, Baker 而且 Bottin changed the world of horror movie special effects through on-set practical effects, rather than through trick photography or (today) computer generated images (CGI).

效果在 美国狼人的咆哮的东西 (John Carpenter, 1982; with effects work by Bottin) are still impressive.

A long haired girl crawls out from inside a television in this film still

林古/魔戒(中田秀夫,1998)

 根据铃木幸二1991年的小说改编, Ringu invents an urban legend 新黄金城集团 a haunted videocassette: those who watch this creepy video die in seven days at the appearance of Sadako, 视频的幽灵, 从电视机里爬出来.

避免自己死亡的唯一方法, 就是复制一份录像带然后传下去, 这样就把诅咒也传下去了. This is the “ring” of the title: the circle made by passing the video on. Ringu’s significance lies in the sparking of interest in East Asian ghost stories in the West – known as J-horror.  的, 现在老套, image of the female ghost with long black hair hanging over their face is a traditional image of the ghost within Japan, 但作为一个电影主题, has influenced horror cinema across East Asia – in South Korea 而且 Thail而且, 特别是. 日本恐怖片的周期产生了许多这样的电影, 其中很多都是好莱坞(糟糕地)翻拍的.

 

A man wearing a large coats st而且s facing a wall in this back 而且 white film still

《新黄金城集团》 (Eduardo Sanchez 而且 Daniel Myrick, 1999)

布莱尔女巫, 至少对我来说,谈论起来更有趣 新黄金城集团 而不是去看. 《新黄金城集团》 was really the first film to build up expectation 而且 word-of-mouth interest through viral marketing via the World Wide Web. 虚假的“失踪”海报在网站上流传, along with fake documentaries 而且 news reports 新黄金城集团 the search for the three lost university students.  This “found footage” film purports to be the rediscovered lost footage shot by the three, while trying to make a documentary 新黄金城集团 a local supernatural legend. We experience everything the student filmmakers do: the terror of something attacking their tents at night, 迷失在森林里的困惑和迷失方向, 三个年轻人之间的紧张关系.

这部电影的大部分剧本都是在拍摄时即兴创作的, with only vague plot points to direct the cast who shot the film themselves. Made for a ridiculously small amount of money, as a result of the viral marketing campaign, 《新黄金城集团》 成为当年最卖座的电影之一.

的re we have it, six films that forever changed the horror genre. As should be noted, with the exception of Ringu, all the selected films are American. This is not to say that horror movies are not international – horror cinema around the world is a very exciting area to study.

Dr 米克尔Koven 教授 电影研究文学士(荣誉) 新黄金城集团的课程. 他的模块“电影” & Folklore” considers fairy-tale films, as well as myth 而且 legend films.